BT and Champions’ League Football

I must admit that like many others, I was surprised to learn over the weekend that BT had bought all the Champions’ League live TV rights exlcusively. At a stroke they’ve knocked both ITV and Sky out of the picture starting from the 2015 season.

I’m going to try to unpick the subject a bit because there are implications on several levels.

Damage to Sky

Today there are reports that Sky has had £1.4bn knocked off its stock price as the news hits the markets. That feels to me a very short term reaction. While this is a massive show of intent on BT’s part, I don’t think it’s devastating to Sky to have lost these rights, although I suspect that whatever the next big rights package that comes up for attention will be looked at very carefully by Sky.

Let us not forget that in the earlier days of the Champions’ League, ITV Digital (née OnDigital) had most of these rights too. And they were not enough to build a brand (yes, there were other things going on there, not least piracy). Given the nature of football, we’re only really talking about fans of Manchester, London and occasionally Glasgow clubs that are being troubled by these games. Sure, the average fan might want to watch Man Utd v Barcelona, but if you live in South Wales, you might find a Sky subscription more essential in the short-term. And you can still go to the pub if that game is appealing.

That said, losing both club rugby and Champions’ League football to BT is more than bad luck for Sky. You wonder if BT might next target cricket…

Damage to ITV

This does leave a big hole in ITV’s schedules. I’m not sure what they’re going to do with Adrian Chiles et al, since they’re now really only left with England matches, major tournaments, and potentially a highlights package. Arguably, highlights could become more important in a BT-only world. Lots of people are going to be left without any access to Champions’ League football. Packaged in a more Match of the Day manner it could be a more compelling offering than the current late-night highlights which are definite afterthought to the live coverage. Also, ITV currently only has Tuesday night highlights. Highlights only make sense covering both Tuesdays and Wednesdays. But the value of those late-night ads is going to be far less than during live games.

This also leaves a big hole in ITV4 which seems to have been nurtured as a quasi-sports channel with Europa League, French Open, Tour de France, British motorsport and so on. In value terms though, the Europa League is limiting.

Free To Air

As something of a sop to sponsors (not the football loving public), BT has said that it’ll make some games available free-to-air. This would seem to include the final, but will also include at least one match featuring each British club in the competition. However given that each team that makes the league part of the competition is guaranteed at least 6 fixtures, this isn’t really a great deal.

It’s also worth examining how those games might be made available. Currently, BT Sport is carried on all the digital platforms. However on Freeview, it’s channels are carried on the COM4 and COM6 multiplexes. Neither of these have as much carriage as those multiplexes that carry BBC and ITV channels – something like 19.6m households compared with 26.8m households which cover the entire country. So unless those free-to-air games are rebroadcast on a Public Service channel like ITV, or BT Sport changes mulitplexes, there will be millions of households who miss out on these free games.

In the UK we have a designated set of Listed Events. In 2008, David Davies led a team that was to review what was included and excluded on that list, but after despite the team doing work on the subject, the review was scrapped in 2010.

At the time, there was a promise that it would be looked at again post digital switchover in 2013:

The current economic climate also points to us not making a decision at this time which could adversely impact on sport at the grassroots. I have therefore decided to defer any review until 2013, when we will look at this again.

Well of course, digital switchover was completed at the end of last year. And there is no sign of a review of the list, which may or may not be a good thing to be honest given the political muscle of major sporting bodies. David Davies’ group did not recommend that the Champions’ League was added to the list). We are, however, left with the 1998 list of events.

Anyway, the Champions’ League Final (or European Cup) is not on the list – either in terms of live or highlights.

The International Olympic Committee (IOC) still has its Olympic Charter, section 48 of which still says:

The IOC takes all necessary steps in order to ensure the fullest coverage by the different media and the widest possible audience in the world for the Olympic Games.

Unlike the IOC, UEFA has no “charter” to further its competitions’ reaches. So it can happily sell its tournaments to its highest bidders.

The only people who have any real sway in these matters are sponsors of course. Sponsors like Heineken may be paying as much as $70m a season for Champions’ League sponsorship may question whether they’re losing out under this deal. With six headline sponsors (plus another couple), there is some serious money at play. But the UK is only a percentage of that. UEFA meanwhile is making an additional £500m ($800m) on these rights. So if sponsorships aren’t quite the same value in future, they can live with it.

Gain For BT

This does make them closer to being a real player in the TV sport market. I still think that for most, it’ll be Sky Sports first and then BT Sport. Certainly still for football. But with the end of the Heineken Cup next year, and in all likelihood a replacement tournament on BT Sport, a rugby union fan might well decide that the England autumn internationals on Sky aren’t enough to warrant a subscription.

Both Sky and BT will already be thinking about the next round of Premier League rights. These Champions’ League rights don’t come into play until year three of the current Premier League offering. So there’ll be even more incentive to bid up those rights with BT wanting a bigger slice of the pie. The Premier League must already be rubbing their hands with glee.

BT also needs to work out how it’s going to broadcast all 350 games for which it has rights. Up until now, they’ve not really pushed their own TV platform to viewers who have Sky packages, but I’m not certain that BT will replicate the offering Sky has for Match Choice on Champions’ League rights – at least on satellite. I can see them broadcasting two or three games on their channels and offering the others via broadband – pushing their own boxes. Considering that sometimes much better games are going on elsewhere in Europe, this could be challenging for some football fans.


What is clear is that this state of affairs isn’t good for the consumer. If you want to watch the biggest teams in Britain, you need to take out two premium TV subscriptions to get full coverage. Yes, BT Sport is free to BT Broadband customers, but with fees already going up in January, it’d be a fool who believed this cost wasn’t being subsidised by every BT customer – whether or not they actually take the BT Sport package.

Disclaimer: I pay for Sky Sports, and have BT Broadband entitling me to BT Sport. Indeed I switched broadband suppliers to get BT Broadband to take their sports offering. I guess it’s working for BT.


  1. Hi Adam,

    BT no longer have any capacity on the SDN multiplex, and this was the multiplex on DTT where they broadcast their previous free broadcasts of BT Sport 1 on their BT Sport Preview channel (using capacity that was previously owned by Top Up TV for the ESPN service).

    For some reason, BT Sport 1 and BT Sport 2 on the Arq B multiplex were never broadcast FTA, even though on satellite BT Sport 1 and BT Sport 2 (along with ESPN) were broadcast free-to-view during previous promotional periods.

    I don’t think we will see BT Sport 1 and BT Sport 2 broadcast unencrypted for special events/promotions in the future either. BT are actively trying to move their existing sports customers away from DTT to their IPTV services. BT will only enable DTT access to BT Sport 1 and BT Sport 2 to customers that cannot get a fast enough broadband connection – and that’s it.

    I remain sceptical whether any of the free UCL coverage will be shown on DTT. Unless there is scope for BT to resell to someone else like ITV or Channel 5 perhaps?


    PS: logging in via Twitter redirects me to a dead page on your site

  2. PPS: should say the other difference between ONsport 1/2 and BT Sport 1/2 is that when ONdigital had UCL rights, they were exclusive to the ONdigital platform. BT Sport is at least available online/BT TV/satellite.

    UCL being exclusive to ONdigital platform did nothing to help ONdigital, as you say above. However, as BT Sport is more widely distributed, perhaps the ease of which it is to subscribe might make some kind of difference.

    As to the future of Sky Sports? Here’s something interesting. Since April this year, new Sky customers can only get Sky Sports F1 by subscribing to Sky Sports. It is also rumoured that from 2014 existing customers on the old HD pack will also lose Sky Sports F1 unless they subscribe to Sky Sports. Perhaps Sky feel the need to bulk up the main Sky Sports offering in light of future rights loses?

    As for cricket. I think Sky are OK for now. They have rights to all of England’s home Test, ODI and t20 fixtues, as well as 60 days of domestic cricket and various Lions and Women’s fixtures until 2017, with the option to extend to 2019 if they wish.

  3. Hi Ash,

    Your notes on BT Sport on Freeview are interesting. I hadn’t realised that they didn’t turn off encryption for their recent free-to-air promotion. Frankly that seems a bit daft to me, since you’ve got a lot of potential amongst those who’ve not got a Sky or Virgin Media box plumbed in.

    I do think it would be a major mistake to push their own delivery platform though. The internet backbone just still isn’t there for many people including in cities. And since the demands are higher than ever with HD (and down the road, 4K), I’m just not convinced that we’re at a viable point in time to do it via IP. And only turning on DTT for those who cannot get high speed internet access sounds almost completely impossible technically to do without new boxes/cards etc. Their best bet anyway, would be sub-licence the game to a PSB channel and insist they take the full package including BT Sport branding.

    I’d just be curious as to what the agreement with UEFA on what “free-to-air” might mean. Because without DTT, they’re really not making it free to air for something like half the population. Saying “log onto” doesn’t really cut it.

    I remain unconvinced by Sky and F1. I’m not especially a fan of F1 admittedly. I’ll half watch it if it’s on and there’s nothing better. But Sky Sports F1 is a waste of bandwidth. At the very least it should become Sky Sports Motors and show a broader range of motorsport. But I’d be amazed if even die-hard F1 fans are particularly interested in replays of practice sessions etc. While all the sports channels have to fill hours with replays of live events, Sky Sports F1 is particularly bad at this. But I’m sure that there are a certain number of F1 fans who don’t particularly watch much other sport, and who are being forced into taking the full – expensive – offering.

    I’m sure you’re right about the cricket. The ECB sold their souls to Sky a long time ago without care for the future of the sport (see posts passim ad nauseum).

    (And I’ll check the Twitter thing!)

  4. How BT sell their BT TV system is to push you towards YouView with fibre broadband. The BT YouView box does not support CAMs nor the Merlin encryption system now used on DTT by BT. So only if you cannot get Fibre are you directed to the legacy (Vision) platform. Additionally to this, all of the former Vision customers that had Infinity available were made to switch if they wanted to watch BT Sport. If you want ESPN from BT and aren’t in an Infinity area then it’s tough luck unless you view it using their web app.

    This may explain why BT only stream a limited number of TV channels through IPTV, despite having carriage agreements in place with most of the major TV channel broadcasters, they only seem to provide a few channels from each broadcaster.

    Yet to show how bizarre the entire BT TV operation is, for contractual reasons it is possible for old customers to get Sky Sports 1 and 2 on the legacy Vision platform, via ADSL. Yet it is not possible to subscribe to Sky Sports 1 and 2 on the BT YouView platform! Even though Sky Sports 1 and 2 (along with 3 and 4) are on the TalkTalk TV YouView platform.

  5. The BT platform model is just not sustainable. Yes – offer a way to view your channel if subscribers don’t already have a set-top box. But sport alone is never going to build the platform (and years of BT Vision generally failing proves that it’s actually really hard). As it stands the likes of Amazon and Netflix are attacking the Sky model anyway. But Sky (well Astra) has bandwidth on its side. If I was them, I’d be looking at launching a 4K channel. That’d challenge even Infinity – even employing multicast.

    I think the Sky Sports on YouView issue is more to do with what Sky will let BT sell for them. The two are essentially at war with one another, and so Sky will give BT the minimum they can.

    The easiest way BT could have retailed their channel to Sky homes was via Sky wholesaling it to them. But Sky only pass on revenues and not subscriber details. By retailing the services itself, BT gets those details. And vice versa is true. Ofcom has regulated prices for Sky Sports 1 and 2, so Sky has to provide those to BT at fixed costs. However, this doesn’t extend to other Sky Sports channels, so they don’t retail them through BT. BT of course, does not need to provide subscriber details from its customers who buy those channels. That doesn’t fully explain why BT doesn’t retail at least Sky Sports 1 and 2 on YouView however.

    I suspect TalkTalk probably provide Sky with more data, and therefore are allowed by Sky to retail the full package of channels (excluding the interactive elements of course). That, and the fact that they are not called BT!

  6. Part of the reason why Sky Sports is not retailed on BT YouView is that Sky say that Ofcom’s regulated prices do not apply to the YouView platform. So there is some wrangling going on as to whether the regulated prices do actually apply or not.

    I agree that BT’s approach to their TV system is a mess. The roll-out of the Extra TV channels is yet another example of inconsistency between YouView and Vision platforms.

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